Mele, Mo'olelo, Poem, Point of View
These are the stories, tales, literature, records, and whatever else we can come up with, that cover the vast ohana that makes up our past. In writing these stories over the last seven years, particularly in the process of research, there have been a number of occasions where I have sought information about a Kupuna, whose descendant I had grown up with. Now at first glance that would sound like something that could very well happen, given the size of our ohana. However, ironically I never knew of our relations at the time, and our friendships were never in Hawai'i, per say, as we were raised on the Mainland. I must admit that there is a feeling of enlightenment when this occurs. These will be the permanent articles listed below and it will be expanded as we add to the page.
- Cummings, Andy
- From Makawao to Kawaihau
- Homicide on Queen St.
- Kaai, Ernest
- Kaneakua, John
- Kaua'i Baseball
- Maui Baseball
- Our Teachers
- Pretty Maids all in a Row
- The Naluai Connection
- Family Side Bits
There are many published articles, Mele’s and other information written by and about our family that I wanted to display these works on a monthly basis. Also included will be quote's, poems, and short stories written in the 19th and early 20th centuries, by writers and journalist that visited Hawaii and returned home to write their opinions of what they experienced in the islands. Initially we feature two writers, one a Kupuna, the other a visitor.
John G.M.Sheldon was a well-known journalist and Editor with the Hawaiian/English daily Hawaii Holomua who served many years as a translator for the Kingdom of Hawaii. John was also the husband of Amy Ho'olai Cummings, and a close friend of Queen Liliokalani, who he wrote many Mele’s for. Sheldon's elegy, Patriotic Mele, expresses his poignant, if not dispirited assessment on Hawaii's transgressions since the re-discovery in 1778. It is a piece of literature, somber in its reflection of Hawaii’s history, and expressing the sentiments of Hawaiians in 1893. The Mele first appeared in the January 28, 1893 issue of the Hawaii Holomua on page 4.
George A. Hoag arrived in Hawaii in January of 1923. Like many visitors, Hoag was relatively unaware of the history of the indigenous people of the islands. Hoag, in the tradition of Mabel Clare Craft, spent several months in the islands trying to understand its history and culture from the native point of view. His poem Malahini, Malahini, was written during his time in Hawaii. His viewpoint Hawaiians was written after his return to his residence in Spokane, WA. Both works first appeared in the book Smiles and Tears of Hawaii, by George Hoag, published by Pacific Printing, Honolulu, HI. (1923).
Oh, give back my yesteryears,
My yesteryears of long ago,
I want my primitive abodes,
My huts of grass and simple Gods;
My woman with her naked charm,
Who knew no sin and did no harm,
My Hula Dances wild and free,
My happy Luau give to me,
Oh give me back the sweetest tongue,
The tongue melodious of my race,
No music since the world began,
Conveyed such love from man to man;
The sweetest strains, the softest notes,
That ever came from human throats;
We sang as did the cadent leaves,
And filled our land with melodies
Oh give me back my happy days,
The days when all my world was young,
The days before the white man came,
Before we knew of sin and shame,
The days of pleasure and of ease,
With none but other than ourselves to please,
With no strange Gods or white mans creed,
Our only wants our daily needs,
Oh, give me back my vales and hills,
My ancient groves of stately palms,
Why have you taken them from me
My native land, My Hawaii;
The fruits and flowers, all are mine,
God made these Isles for us Hawaiians;
From where we do not want to roam
Oh, give us back our Island Home,
It must be a tragedy to a people who were once self-governed, owned and occupied their own lands gloried in their freedom, their traditions, their legends and even their superstitions and lived their lives according to their own simple codes and standards to one day find themselves surrounded with conditions to which the centuries had not prepared them. Their liberty (as they understood it) gone and their lands taken away and a civilization forced upon them to which they never can ascend and to know that the gifts of the near future is complete extinction
As Israel in ancient times sat weeping by the waters of Babylon listening to the plaintive songs which arose from their singers, so sits Hawaii in grief and mourning to-day and to Her our bard sings:
I had a dream, I saw a vision pass before me,
Long ages past arose in swift array,
Adown the stream of time my fleeting fancy bore me
From age to age unto the present day,
Far o’er the southern sea I saw brave ships a-sailing
From isle to isle, till at Hawaii’s shore
They touched, and soon with joy the natives came, them hailing
With pious awe, incarnate Gods of yore,
From all the land they flocked with speed to see the stranger,
Adoring gave their gifts both rich and rare,
But time brought fuller knowledge, knowledge brought its dangers
And Captain Cook’s life paid the forfeit there.
And down the stream still visions came a-floating;
Vancouver came unto this race so brave;
Restored the friendship Cook had lost; while noting
That Britain ne’er would hold them as her slave.
Still swept the vision on with flight so speedy;
One ship alone this time comes into view—
America’s gift unto these islands needy,
Peace, love, goodwill—and Christianity too.
Right lovingly was welcomed each new teacher,
The people flocked to hear good news so true,
That more and more it seemed to every preacher,
The harvest plenteous, but the laborers few.
And time flew by on wings. The isles grew fair, and fairer;
One Briton thought to seize them for his land,
But Britain’s Admiral, our independence bearer,
Restored the flag midst praise from every hand,
The years passed by. Through all the land there rose the steeple—
The preacher controlled all with kindly hand;
Give land and constitution to your people!
(O King! Give heed!) and God will bless your land.
Year followed year. Changed Kings and constitution.
The stranger increased: took mortgages on land:
Kept Hawaii’s daughters, sisters, wives in prostitution:
Spread poverty and vice around on ev’ry hand.
Still years rolled on. With sugar now grown wealthy,
The foreign Christians lifts his eye around,
And says: “For me no doubt the climate is most healthy,
“Tho’ poor and dying Hawaii’s native sons are found.
“Some seventy years ago we gave this land the Bible
“And tried to teach them then its use,
“(To say we’ve showed them poor examples is no libel)
“And fair exchange ‘t will be to cook their goose.
“Their cries for right and justice soon we’ll stifle:
“Take for ourselves this Paradise on earth.
“If they object, we’ll each one tap our rifle,
“And call for help upon our land of birth.
“Unfit to rule with all these years of training—
“(We’ll spread the lie around on every hand,)
“You’ll see they’ll let us do it, uncomplaining,
“For they have got our Bible, and so we’ll take their land.”
At this a noise awoke me, and in wonder
I saw the very instance of my dream.
Hawaii’s Queen and Natives were put under
To bolster up their money-getting scheme
And now forth from them goes across the waters
One last appeal for Justice and for Right.
Preserving peace, Hawaii’s gen’rous sons and daughters,
Before God’s throne on high, in prayer unite:
“Great God! the Judge of All! The records thou art keeping!
“Look down in mercy on our sad estate!
“Be kind unto us! Hear our voice of weeping!
“Till thou restore, grant us in peace to wait.
“And thou, great nation! home of truth and bravery!
“Freedom’s defender! we pray thee us O, hear!
“Restore our Queen and us; now, as in slavery,
“Held by usurper’s armed fear.
“Restore our rights and help us to maintain them!
“O let our prayer be crowned with success!
“Our conduct and your friendship will retain them,
“The God of nations will for ever bless.”
Those Enlightening Occurences
Makee Mill Portuguese Mill Camp
The Makee Sugar Company is a principal landmark in our family's history. It was the basis for employment for most of our family, especially early on from 1890 until 1916. When Spalding sold Makee to Lihue Sugar Co. many of our family continued as employees of Lihue Sugar Company.
Makawao to Kawaihau
The Cumming's migration to Kauai started in 1890 with the first wave of the ohana traveling to Kawaihau to work for the Makee Sugar Co. on the Kealia Plantation. Joseph Elijah Cummings, wife Phoebe Miner, sons Samuel, and Joseph and daughters, Rachel and Amy. Henry C. Sheldon and wife Hannah Rachael Cummings and their children Henry, George, Daisy, Hannah, and Harriet. Also making the trip was Jonah Booth Cummings and wife Sarah Kela Naimu Kuhaulua who was from Moloaʻa at the northern boundary of Kawaihau. Why Kealia and why Makee? Well ,first off TB Cummings the patriarch of the Cumming's family had connections going back to Capt. James Makee who at one time owned Rose Plantation in Ulupalakua, Maui and whom all three men had worked for in the mid 1870's. Henry had worked as a Blacksmith, while Jonah and Joseph were luna's.
Where is Kawaihau?
As Makawao was the spawning grounds for the second generation, so it was to be Kawaihau for much of the third, fourth and fifth generations. When considering that three out of the eight siblings made this transition at the same time it was probably the greatest shift in geography within the history of the family.What is Kawaihau? Where is Kawaihau? It is a district on Kauai, the fifth and last to be created on the island. Until the district of Kawaihau was created in the late 1870's, the districts of Hanalei and Līhuʻe shared a common boundary. Kawaihau was set apart by King Kalakaua, who gave that name to the property lying between the Wailua River and Moloaʻa Valley. The King submitted the bill to the legislature and the eastern end of Hanalei District was cut out and Kawaihau became the fifth district on the island of Kauaʻi (Young, 2013).
From Hui Kawaihau to Makee Sugar Co.
In 1876, Ernest Krull sold his cattle ranch to an investment group called the Hui Kawaihau. The group totaled about a dozen, and included Capt James Makee, his son in law Z. S. Spalding, and King Kalakaua. Each investor would be responsible for his own planting and refining. It was a successful endeavor for 4 years, until the investors lost interest. With James Makee passing in 1878 the land and mills at Kealia and Kapaa, that he had financed, were passed to Spalding. Spalding's first decision was to rename the company the Makee Sugar Co. at Kealia Plantation. He then stripped the mill at Kapaa and closed it's doors in 1884 and maintained the one in Kealia.
The Splintering of a Family
As the twentieth century fell upon the islands, the family had lost its Patriarch and his oldest. However, the families were in good repair and they grew. There were a few ohana members that frequently traveled the islands. They tended to be the teachers in our family. Daisy and Hannah Sheldon both took jobs in Oahu. Molly Cummings of Maui had teaching jobs in Oahu, Kauai and Maui, yet other than the teachers moving, in response to their careers, the families on the three islands began a period of isolation. On Maui remained Thomas and Caroline with their families also remaining on the island. On Oahu Parker Cummings had settled along with all the descendants of WH Cummings, most of them being taken in by Abigail Campbell the sister to the children's late mother and wife of James Campbell. The family on Kauai seemed to flourish exceptionally well. In 1910, WH Cummings oldest son John H, Cummings and wife Rose K. Haumea with six kids made the move to Kawaihau. John had taken a job with Grove Farm Plantation as a locomotive engineer. Many of Joseph and Hannah's children had married and were also employed at Makee Sugar Co. These unions brought more surnames under the Cumming's umbrella. John Mahiai Kaneakua married Lucy Cummings. Peter Moses Naluai married Rachel Cummings and also had children with her sisters Amy and Phoebe, all totaled he fathered 17 children between 1905 and 1919. The surnames just piled up as the third generation was getting married and the Cummings population on Kauai was growing. Kealoha, Costa, Guindin, Kaui, Kaai, Kuhaulua, Nihoa, Dias, Bridges, Phillips and Wallace just to name some from those generations
A Tendency Repeats Itself
As happened in the second generation when brothers John and Henry Sheldon married Amy and Hannah Cummings. Then repeated in the third generation When brothers Jack and Valentine Dutro married sisters Rachel and Elsie Freeman so was this to happen again. In the fourth generation Wilhelmina and Joanne Cummings, daughters of John Humphreys and Rose Haumea Cummings would marry two Kauai boys named David and John Kaui. Another of these unions would take place one more time in the fourth generation when my Mother Gerry Cummings and her sister Josephine daughters of Joseph Humphreys Cummings Sr. and Nora Vasquez Cummings would marry my Dad Rudy Newtson and his brother Wallace. Till this day, many of the descendants of these Kupuna still live in the Kapa'a-Kealia area.
Col. Z.S. Spalding built a fine residence called "Valley House" in a sheltered valley near the Krull ranch house while he was owner and Manager of Makee Sugar Co. Now as the Cummings are one part of my maternal genealogy the other part also has a history at Makee Sugar Co. On September 13, 1899 my great Grandfather Jose Vasquez and my great Grandmother Emelia Rodrigues and sons Manuel (3) and Felix (1) arrived in Honolulu on the Bark SS Victoria from Madeira in the Canary Islands. They had made their way from Orense, Spain and made passage on a ship carrying Portuguese contract workers headed for. A year after their arrival my Grandmother. Nora Vasquez was born. She married my Grandfather Joseph H. Cummings in 1924. Jose also worked for Makee, but not in the fields. He was an excellent finish carpenter and worked frequently on the Spalding's "Valley House."
Honolulu Harbor 1909
In early summer 1909, a homicide was committed that had the Honolulu press buzzing. In the early morning hours on the 15th of June the body of Henry Wetherill, an African male, was found stretched over a loose wood pile in a lumber yard on Queen St. opposite the building that housed Lee Chu & Co. According to the Hawaiian Star, (1909). “Nearby was a scant-ling measuring two by three inches, and over four feet in length, upon which' were sprinkled a few blood drops and on one edge of which was a tiny bunch of black kinky hair.”
The body had been discovered earlier that morning by Honolulu police officer L. Parrish while performing his rounds. At first, it was thought that the man might been a victim of an automobile hit and run as there had been a rash of accidents recently. However, diligent in his investigation, Officer Parrish then discovered the scantling, (a piece of timber with a small cross section) which would later be determined as the murder weapon.
That same day three part-Hawaiians were cast as suspects and ordered to appeared at a Coroner’s Jury on the 18th before Circuit Judge De Bolt. James McCandless, son of Civil War veteran William McCandless, Kaheana, alias “Waikiki,” and Thomas B. Cummings. McCandless and Cummings were shipmates aboard the S.S.Pleiades, as was the victim. The ship had just ported Honolulu Harbor on Saturday June 12th.
Circumstances did not appear to be getting better for the suspects, as they were taken into custody on the June 18th the day they appeared before the Coroner’s Jury. From day one McCandless and Cummings had stated that they had left Wetherill no later than 10:30 pm on the night of the 14th. This alibi was never quite accepted by prosecuting Deputy City attorney Milverton. As reported in the Pacific Advertiser, (June 18, 1909). “The finger of suspicion was first pointed at McCandless and Cummings when they were so blatant in their statements that they had left Wetherill at half past ten on Monday night. On returning to the Pleiades about 1"'clock Tuesday morning, the two men greeted the watchman on board with: “Has Henry come on board the ship yet” (p. 1).
Kaheana, realizing that the evidence was pointing in the direction of his co-defendants chose to distance himself from them. Taking the stand he denied anything and everything that would have a tendency to connect him with the case. He first stated that he had not seen Wetherill, McCandless or Cummings since the 12th of June, the day the S.S. Pleiades arrived in port.This testimony was undermined by Milverton and Kaheana broke his alibi with this statement from the stand as reported by the Hawaiian Gazette, (June 18, 1909). “"Waikiki"- - testified that he and George Harbottle had a row over the drinks, they having taken a couple of bottles of Palm Tree to the house with them and that one of the women told him he would have to leave the place, his noise being too much to bare. This was about half-past- eleven in the evening. Waikiki left the room and went downstairs, where he met Cummings and McCandless on the sidewalk. George Harbottle also came down, but Wetherill stood at the head of the stairs. After a short conversation with Cummings, and McCandless, with whom he was acquainted Waikiki said good-night- and started for his home. Before he left, however, he saw the three sailors, Wetherill, McCandless, and Cummings go into Mary McCandless' room. This was a short while before midnight. This evidence has been, concurred in by every witness who was, present that night, save Cummings, yet the latter and McCandless” (p. 5).The evidence seemed very convincing and both Cummings and McCandless were looking at defending themselves in a murder trial. However, Cummings and McCandless had one thing going for them and that was their story never changed. This above all convinced the police to release the two men as they concentrated their investigation with Waikiki as their prime suspect. Kaheana, on the other hand, had already flipped on his friends once. Moreover on July 27th five weeks after he had been incarcerated he wanted to give a statement relenting that he was present at the lumber yard that night, however he did not strike the blow. In his statement he implicated Cummings as the perpetrator. He stated that Wetherill and Cummings had been arguing and that Wetherill had picked up a large stone to hit Cummings with but missed and that is when Cummings hit him with the scantling, striking him in the head. The police saw this as attempt by Kaheana to get himself released, however, on the chance that he might be telling the truth both McCandless and Cummings were re-arrested just days before they were to sail on the Pleiades. They remained in custody and on September 8, 1909 all three were arraigned on murder in the first degree and accessories after the fact. Bail was set at $2,500 each. Furthermore, as it had throughout the summer, the emphasis on which suspect had committed the murder had shifted once more. TB Cummings was now the principal suspect and facing charges of first degree murder, McCandless and Waikiki tagged as accessories.
On December 3, 1909 Kaheana had been in custody for 5½ months, Cummings and McCandless, re-arrested in July, had been locked up a little over 4 months when an unexpected twist developed. The Hawaii Gazette reported on Friday (Dec.3, 1909) “Thomas B. Cummings, who was indicted by the grand jury for the murder of the negro sailor Wetherill, and James McCandless and Kaheana, alias Waikiki, who were indicted as accessories, will not have to stand trial for their lives and Cathcart yesterday went before Judge De Bolt and moved for a nollo prosequi in each of the three cases. He made the statement that he did not consider that the evidence warranted putting the men on trial. The three accused men have been in jail for several months” (p. 8). Now in the first place, why would a County Prosecutor come in out of the blue to the defense of three men with mounting evidence against them? Specifically, why would this particular prosecutor enter the case at this time? There is no mention of Cathcart in any accounts reported during the Coroner’s inquiry or at the arraignments. Another issue begs the question; if the evidence was as compelling as it was made to appear in the daily papers, why then did these three men sit in jail for so long without being brought to trial? The reasoning behind an entry of nollo prosequi states that it “may be made because the charges cannot be proved due to evidence too weak to carry the burden of proof, or because the evidence is fatally flawed in light of the claims brought.” For all intents and purposes, the general attitude conveyed by the press during the ordeal was that of extreme guilt on the part of the defendants.
Taking it a step further, it gets very interesting when noting that Cathcart’s first opportunity at a county position came as a clerk in the Road Department on Oahu, in 1895. The Super visor for the Road Department at that time was WH Cummings, the father of T.B. Cummings. Moreover, there existed more than just a working place relationship between WH and Cathcart. These were men that had served together in the Citizens Guard in the Leleo Squad #8 during the Wilcox uprising against the PIKO Gov’t and appeared to be good friends. However, W H Cummings had been dead for over nine years, and we may never know if this was an act of veneration on the part of Cathcart, or just a timely coincidence.
An Insight into Thomas B. Cummings
This Thomas Booth Cummings has been a curious mystery for me since I first opened the Cummings genealogical book in 2005. The book states that he died about 1901, as does many family trees that I have seen. Well, primary references now tell us otherwise, and we now know that he was alive on October 13, 1903. Primary references are those that not only contain information on the primary subject but includes referenced individuals or places or documents that relate back to the subject such as relatives, land deeds and such. Our second set of references are secondary references. These are ones that may be debatable such as the incarceration of Thomas B Cummings. Although the name age and year of birth are quite similar to that of the same Thomas Booth Cummings in our family, because the middle name is initialed and the date of birth lacks the month and day, we have to assume there might be a possibility that it is a different subject. However, it appears that the man in this post most likely is who I think he is because he fits a profile of time, place and age, although it technically is still an assumption.
In 1909, during the investigation into Henry Wetherill’s death he would have been 28 years old, which is a match in age. In early reports he was referred to as Thomas Cummins, nationality part-Hawaiian. The reference was quickly changed to Thomas B. Cummings. The middle initial “B” is extremely common in our family representing the name Booth, yet I have rarely seen a middle initial “B” in other Cummings families in Hawaii. Of which there were two prominent ones, although, nowhere near the size of ours. A ship Captain named Thomas Cummings settled in Waimanalo on Oahu and became a rancher. Although, he did end up leaving for the mainland. Preston Cummings, who was involved in the government of Kamehameha III, settled in Kailua-Kona. I can find no other Thomas B. Cummings, in or out of our family that fits the profile for this time period. In fact, there have only been three other Thomas Booth Cummings in our family history, up to and including this time period. Our Patriarch who died about 1900, his son Thomas Booth Cummings who did not carry the Jr, suffix, who died in 1906, and his son Thomas B, Cummings Jr. who would have been 14 years old in 1909 and living with his widowed mother in Waikapu, Maui. The references show TB Cummings (which is how he was referenced in the press up until this incident) as being in Honolulu till October 1903, when he re-obtained his deed on the land he had inherited from his mother Clarissa. I have found numerous court records of TB Cummings leading up to his goal of obtaining the original deed on his Mother’s land. I have used three for this story. These court references are primary references. We find no record of him until his arrest on murder charges on June 18, 1909. The references to his incarceration are at this point, secondary references. He is released on December 3, 1909 and no record is found until his apparent arrival on the Ship Shinyo Maru on April 29, 1912, he than departs within two days on the Shinyo Maru, destined for San Francisco, CA. These are the last two records we have for him, until May, 19, 1916 when he was stated as---Thomas B. Cummings died in San Francisco, along with his siblings for a legal land issue about property on Waiaka St in Honolulu (Honolulu Star Bulleten, 1916).
Thomas Booth Cummings in 1899 Kam School class Picture; Jim Mcandless Front left, Wetherhil back left
Ernest Kaai was an accomplished musician, born 07 Jan. 1881 in Honolulu, the son of Simon and Becky (Kekoa) Kaai. He was educated at St. Louis School and Punahou School of Honolulu. Ernest began his professional career upon his graduation in 1899, beginning to perform professionally in early 1900. In 1903 he married Amy Ho’olai Sheldon the daughter of Amy Ho’olai Cummings and the noted editor of the bi-lingual daily the Holomua John G.M. Sheldon. Meanwhile Ernest began to teach music in Honolulu in 1902. According to the Ukulele Hall of Fame, (2012), who inducted Kaai in 1998. " The first Hawaiian ukulele virtuoso, Ernest Kaai, made appearances all over the world. Not only a gifted performer, "Hawaii's Greatest Ukulele Player," as he was called,organized ensembles, composed and published music, and ran the Kaai Ukulele Manufacturing Company. He was undoubtedly the foremost ukulele authority of his time and had a profound understanding of the mechanics of playing, for which he published the first ukulele instruction book in 1906. Although known for promoting the ukulele as a featured instrument in the Hawaiian orchestra, his sophisticated fingering, picking, and stroke styles also inspired the modern establishment of the ukulele as a solo instrument.
The Tours: It all started with his Kauai tour February 29, 1906. Ernest performed with Mrs. Nane [Nani] Alapai, the singer from the Royal Hawaiian Band; Miss Keala; Mr. Holokahiki; and John Noble, Jr., a young lad skilled on the flute. They played Lihue on March 1st, Koloa on the 6th, Eleele on the 7th, Waimea on the 8th and finishing in Makaweli on the 9th. As reported by the Kuokoa, (1906). " Mr. Kaai is a young Hawaiian that is well known in this town among the Hawaiians and among the haole that love playing music, for the regular job of that young man is teaching music. There are many haole women and haole men and Hawaiians as well who were taught by him and graduated in music" (p. 8).
According to Kanahele, (2012). "Take anything in Hawaiian music development and he was either the first to do it or one of the first to do it. It was 1911 when he organized the first tour of Hawaiian music to Australia. He was accompanied by his sister Keala, who was known as the rose of Honolulu and dancer Miss Anchila who did Maori Haka"(1978).
Interesting Linguistics: Within the first decade of the 19th century, Ernest Kaai had traveled a vast amount throughout the Pacific rim. In one particular visit to Christchurch, New Zealand. Kaai says they all went to a native village as part of the promotion tour. The headman got up and greeted them with a welcome in his Maori language, and the Hawaiians understood. Kaai then replied back to the Chief in Hawaiian and they too, understood....... Interesting (Hawaiian Gazette, 1911).
Ernest Kaai left for his musical tour on Kauai, (1906, March 5). Kuakoa (Honolulu, TOH), p. 1. Retrieved December 14, 2014, from http://nupepa-hawaii.com/?s=kaai
KAAI'S HAWAIIANS. (1928, February 23). The Advertiser(Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 11. Retrieved December 15, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73692606
Kanahele, George S.; Berger, John, eds.(2012) . Hawaiian Music & Musicians, Ernest Kaai a giant in Hawaiian music. Retrieved from http://hawaiianmusicandmusicians.com/history.htm.
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]), 27 June 1911. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1911-06-27/ed-1/seq-2/
The Children of J. Kaneakua and Lucy Cummings
- Violet (1914-)
- John K. (1914-1958)
- Joseph (1916-1971)
- Alexander (1918-)
- Harry K. (1920-1981)
- Lucy K. (1922-1995)
- Thomas K. (1924-)
- Mary K. (1926-1996)
- Walter K. (1927-)
- Isabella K. (1928-1974)
Attorney at Law
The Cummings umbrella shades many surnames another one of which is Kaneakua. The union between the two families commenced when the Patriarch of the Kaneakua Family John Mahiai Kaneakua married Lucy Cummings in 1912. J.M. Kaneakua was an accomplished lawyer.Taken from an article written inThe Garden Isle on April 14, 2013. Another piece of our history in Hawai’i.
Attorney and Kaua‘i County Clerk John Mahiai Kaneakua (1860-1936) was born on Maui and was educated at Honolulu’s Royal School — an institution whose distinguished alumni include the likes of Queen Lili‘uokalani, Queen Emma, King David Kalakaua, Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop, King Kamehameha IV, King Kamehameha V, Princess Victoria Kamamalu and King Lunalilo.
After graduating in 1877, Kaneakua studied law while clerking for Judge Edward Preston in Honolulu, and was consequently admitted to practice law in the Kingdom of Hawai‘i in 1884.
From 1885 to 1887 he served as an officer in the "Queen’s Own Volunteer Guard" of the military forces of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
At that time, the Kingdom’s main military force was the King’s Guard, which was reinforced by five volunteer companies — the Honolulu Rifles, the King’s Own, the Queen’s Own, the Prince’s Own and the Leleiohoku Guards.
In June 1893, following the overthrow of Queen Lili‘uokalani on January 17, 1893, Kaneakua was one of 19 members of the Hawaiian Patriotic League that signed a memorial given to U.S. Special Commissioner James Blount, requesting that President Grover Cleveland reinstate Queen Lili‘uokalani to the throne.
Blount had been sent to Hawai‘i by Cleveland to investigate the overthrow and later wrote the Blount Report, which was critical of it.
The memorial reads in part, “Since the fate of our little kingdom and its inhabitants is in your hands, we do humbly pray that a speedy solution may be reached to avoid impending calamities, and so that we may once more enjoy the blessings of peace, prosperity, and a proper government.”
February 1893 also contained Kaneakua's representation in court of Queen-Dowager Kapiolani in a case in which he was successful in obtaining Kapiolani the amount of $100 in damages.
Kaneakua was appointed Clerk of Kaua‘i County in 1906 and held that office by election until 1934, when he retired.
An Ironic twist that contradicts this fine lawyers career, is the fact that as a young man he did have a serious brush with the law. Seems that in October of 1881 J.M. Kaneakua was convicted of forging an order to obtain liquor from a barkeeper and sentenced to three months imprisonment at hard labor, and fined twenty-five dollars (Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 1881). Cecil Brown, who was his representative in court, excepted to the following passage on his Honor's charge to the jury: " That it is forgery under the statute, the intent being to deceive and prejudice James S. Lemon in some right, that right being the liability of, a prosecution for furnishing liquor to a native Hawaiian upon a forged order" (Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 1881).
John Kaneakua was fortunate enough to have never served his time, as on King David Kalakaua's birthday, about five weeks later on the 16th of November, the king pardoned his sentence and restored his civil rights.
- The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands), 08 Oct. 1881. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-08/ed-1/seq-3/>
The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands), 22 Oct. 1881. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1881-10-22/ed-1/seq-3/>
Kaneakua / Miller
Given the fact that John Mahiai Kaneakua was not only a very fine lawyer but a staunch supporter of the Monarchy throughout the troubled times leading up to the overthrow and eventual forced annexation. However, all the Kaneakua’s that have descended from this man could easily have, and some might say, should have, the surname Miller. I did not become fully aware of the surroundings of the hānai of John Mahiai “Miller” until speaking with a gentleman named Mark Miller a direct descendant of Samuel Miller, John M. Kaneakua’s biological brother. Assisting in some genealogical research with Mark Miller I then began to delve into the biological Kupuna of John Mahiai with some interesting results. There were seven siblings that were derived from the union of Alexander P. Miller jr. b. 1810 in Hana, Maui and Kapuailohia-Wahine Kanuha born 1832. Sarah Kaili Kele Miller was the oldest born in 1852. She was followed by John Mahiai in 1860, daughter Hale Miller in 1862, daughter Kanekapolei Miller in 1864, daughter Isabella Kalili Haleala Miller in1865, son Noa Miller in 1867, and the youngest Samuel Kalimahana Miller in 1870.
This family serves as an indirect line directly back to Kamehameha the Great. Each one of these siblings share a grandmother Princess Kanekapolei born 1778 and wife to Kamehameha I. To him she bore a son Prince Keouapeealewhose birth is estimated around 1800. Princess Kanekapolei was the daughter of High Chief Kauakahiakua -o-Lono and High Chiefess Umiaemoku [From House of the Mahi]. She also served as wife of King Kalani'opu'u [King of Hawaii], to which she bore two sons Prince Keouakuahuula and Prince Keouapeeale. Her third spouse was Alexander P. Miller born 1768 who is said to have arrived in the islands in the late 1790’s from Australia. They would produce a son Alexander P. Miller Jr, and a daughter Kahinu Miller [Mela] Nauku born in 1798. Both Kahinu and Alexander Jr. were half siblings to the son of Kamehameha the Greats son Prince Keouapeeale and half siblings to the sons of King Kalani’opu’u .
It is still unknown as to the reasons that John Mahiai Miller Kaneakua was hānai to James Kaneakua of Molokai. Moreover, such prominent heritage makes it even more baffling. Johns Youngest brother Samuel Kalimahana Kai’ali’ili’I Miller would marry Daisy Amoe A'i – Miller and to this union would come Annie Maika'i Miller; Ida Kanuha Barlow; William K. Miller; Florence Kealawailukini Eli, Julia Kauiohalani Kealalio; Daisy Ho'omanawanui Flores; Sarah Kaeha Tom/Makahilahlia; Noa K. Miller and Samuel Kalani Miller.
Sarah Kaili Kele Miller married Charles Brewer make and had two daughters Isabella and Rose. Isabella Kalili Haleala Desha (Miller) married George Desha they had a son Edwin and a daughter Ida. No records on Noa, Kanekapolei, or Hale Miller. In collaboration with Mark Miller it is quite possible that Alexander P. Miller Jr was a konohiki. He did live his life as Kanaka Maole and had many wives.
I was tuned into the baseball history of Kauai at an early age. My Grandfather would mention things about his brothers playing days in Kapaa. These were some of the only things he revealed to me about his youth on Kauai. Baseball had taken off on the Garden Isle, such as it had on Maui, Oahu, Hawaii and Molokai. Moreover, the Cummings family was very much involved in the game and all who participated did so with The Kawaihau Athletic Club, (KAC) as it was known. Henry Clay Sheldon played and then managed KAC for many years. In 1919 the teams name was changed to theMakee’s. Jos. H. Cummings, Henry T. Sheldon, Jonah Booth Cummings Jr, Parker Edmund Cummings and the man I called ‘Grampa,” Jos Humphreys Cummings Sr.
KAC Enters First Season
KAC entered the 1912 season with Henry Sheldon as its Manager, J.H. Cummings, Jonah Booth Cummings. John Soares, Lawrence Rose, Sada Nagahisa, S.W. Meheula, Joe Texiera, John Arruda, Louis Almeda, Clarence Ebinger, Willie Rodrigues, Isaac Kaiu, Jack Gomes, Joseph Scharsch Jr, Mahuel Bonito, Manuel Bettencourt, Jos Bettencourt Jr, S. Taguchi,T. Matsura, Danny Neal, Daniel Hano, Miguel Koani, Arthur Wong, John Viveiros, Sol Opio, Alfred Rodrigues, S. Fujita, Halaole, and Toichi Morita.
Jonah Booth Cummings
When it came to baseball, our family did not lack for talent. Starting with George Cummings in 1891 the Cummings family produced some very talented ballplayers. However, there was one player whose talents bordered on gifted. There have been only a few players at any level that had the potential to dominate a game at any time. Jonah B. Cummings had such talent that expectations were high every time he took the mound. Between 1912 and 1923, Jonah threw more innings, completed more games and led the KAC/MAKEE'S to KAA championships in 1914, 1916, 1919, 1920, 1921, and 1922.
He was the best pitcher of his era in the islands bar none. In 1922 he won his first 5 games while also relieving 2 more as the Makee's got off to a 7-0 start and never looked back.
Once again in the championship game at Wells Park in Wailuku Jonah led the Makee's to the Inter-Island tournament championship over Puunene.
Baseball had become the first competitive team sport to gain the backing of the sugar companies. Most, if not all the teams throughout the islands were sponsored through plantations by 1920. Crowds for important games were overwhelming as spectators encircled the ball field at Wells Park in Wailuku on a weekly basis. The presence of Alexander Cartwright had a lot to do with baseballs rapid spread. He set up the first baseball field on the island of Oahu at Makiki Field. Cartwright spent the last 43 years of his life in Hawaii, and encourage the game throughout the islands until his death.
1921 Inter-Island Championships, Wailuku
By the late teens George Cummings was umpiring as well as managing, Thomas Cummings Jr. was playing 2nd base for the Puunene team. By 1920 both William and Wells Cummings were playing for Wailuku. William "Billy" Dutro was consistently batting #2 in the lineup and in 1921 helped Puunene to the Senior Maui Baseball League title by batting an excellent .345 for the season. William King and Wells Cummings were being managed by George on the Wailuku Athletic Club. In 1921 Wailuku hosted its first Inter-Island invitational tournament at Wells Park. For the first time it included all three teams of which our family had players. Manager George H. Cummings team the Wailuku Athletic Club would win that first tournament. Wells and William Cummings were members. Included in the Tournament were Kauai Champions Makee lead by Manager Henry Sheldon and players Jonah Booth Cummings Jr. and Parker Cummings and Maui Champions Puunene lead by William "Billy" Dutro the 1921 Maui League batting champion and included Thomas B. Cummings at 2nd base. George Cummings Wailuku Athletic Club were the tournament winners, besting Henry Sheldon's team from Makee Sugar company.
William "Willie" Dutro
Many of the men in our family that played baseball on Kaua’i, Oahu, and Maui between 1890 and 1922 did so while working full time jobs. They did not get paid and if injured during a game they still had to go to work the next day. They played because they loved the game itself. I have wrote of several players that have graced the diamond with their talents. Jonah Booth Cummings, a dominate pitcher on Kaua’i for many years. George Humphreys Cummings the first of our family to make an impact, first as a member of Kamehameha School’s class of 1894 and in his rookie year with First Regiment in Honolulu. On Maui for various teams George played and coached into the 1920’s. On Saturday May 16, 1908 a kid from Kalua in Wailuku took the field for the Waikapu’s of the Maui Athletic Association. Born October 1, 1891, William “Willie” Dutro was not yet seventeen years old when he took his position at short stop against the Maui Stars at Wells Park in Wailuku, Maui. His cousin George Cummings, already with 13 years of island ball, was catching that day for the Waikapu’s. The kid’s box score for the day, 1 for 3, with a double, 2 RBI, and a run scored, not bad for a 16 year old kid playing against grown men. For the most part William Dutro played short stop during his career, but he did at times find himself at third base, first base and behind the plate. William was one of five family members to play in the Maui Senior League, the others being Wells Cummings, Thomas Cummings III, William King Cummings, and George H. Cummings. Both Wells Cummings and William Dutro entered the League at the young age of 16 years old, William with The Maui Athletic Association in 1908, and Wells with the Maui Senior league in 1916. Both would play with and against each other for over ten years. In 1909, William Dutro would find himself playing for Healani in the Maui Athletic Association (MAA) which was the precursor to the Maui Senior League. This would be the only year he would take the field for Healani. In October of that year he took a job as a surveyor on Kauai and did not play in 1910. Returning the following year William played for Wailuku from 1911-14. In 1915-16 William Dutro returned to play first base for George Cummings Hawaii Colts team which also included George’s brothers Wells, William, and Thomas Cummings. In 1917 Dutro was again playing short stop but for the “Portuguese” team which only formed for a couple of years. In 1918-19 he played for Puunene at his familiar position short stop, in what was now named the Maui Senior League. In 1920 William switched over and played for the Paia Athletic Club. In 1921 he returned to Puunene playing short stop. That year was probably his best as he batted .345 and Puunene won the Maui Senior league. In 1922 William Dutro played for Manager George Cummings Wailuku Athletic Club team as a catcher. He continued to play for another five years for Wailuku. In total, William Dutro played on Maui for 20 years and was one of the best middle infielders of his time.
George Humphreys Cummings
It all started with George Cummings, at least in the sense of organized baseball. Living on Maui and playing on the sandlots, then shipping off to Kamehameha School in Honolulu must have caused a bit of a culture shock for a young high school freshman. Although George handled it well. Starting at short stop his final three years at school proved he had the talent required for playing at the top levels in the islands. After his senior year, when he became the first Cummings to graduate from Kamehameha School, in 1894, George stayed in Honolulu, working as a clerk and eventually got a shot at playing in the Oahu Senior League with the First Regiment Team. Oahu, due to it's larger population, always had the most competitive leagues. However in 1896 the competitive favorite was a team from his home isle. The Maui Stars were the dominant team in Hawaii that year. So when the upstart First Regiment Team, with its rookie short stop, made it to the Inter-Island Championship that year all eyes were on George H. Cummings.The Stars bested Georges First Regiment team 14-3 that day but George’s performance was more than adequate, he went 1-4 with 2 runs scored.
Back to Maui to build a life and play ball
In the 1890's as serious as a young man could get about playing ball, the reality of the times was to seek a career and enjoy the game as a serious hobby. George Cummings etched a nice career for himself in law enforcement, first as a Deputy Sheriff for Maui County and then as part of the District Attorneysoffice. However, baseball was always there and it took every minute of free time he had. He played on a number of teams in The Maui Athletic Association. They included the Police Team, The Wailuku's, The Maui Boys, The Waikapu's and various all star teams that were put together to play visiting teams from other islands as well as from countries such as Japan. At times George would also serve as player/manager, especially as he was getting up in age. In 1915, he started a new team in Maui's Senior League called the Hawaii Colts. He would manage full time for the Colts marking the end of his career as a full time player. George would occasionally pinch hit, yet for the most part his playing days were pretty much over. George had played competitively, starting with three years at Kam School and continuously into the 1915 season totaling 22 years of baseball. however George would continue Managing and Umpiring for another 10 years.
Wells Park, Wailuku, Maui
Wells Park, Wailuku, Maui has gone through many upgrades over the last 100 years, however, they still play baseball on the same grounds that they did between 1890 and 1930, when fans would surround the field to watch their teams play. This was the gathering spot for Wailuku during the baseball season.
Some of our most shining moments in our family's history came from the dedicated women who gave their lives to education. These women gave countless years in the pursuit of educating Hawaii's students. We should be so proud of these ladies as they sacrificed for the progress of Hawaii’s youth.
Louisa P. Sheldon (Hoa'ai)
Louisa P Sheldon, the wife of Henry Clay Sheldon began teaching at Kapaa School in 1901 with a Normal Teaching Certificate. In 1912 Louisa obtained her Primary Teaching Certificate. In 1912, Louisa P. Sheldon was earning $1,000.00/yr. She was involved in education for 32 years, Louisa spent 30 years at Kapaa School, and the last five years as a Principal at Olohena School in Kapaa.
- • Kapaa 1911-30
- • Hanamaulu 1931-36
- • Olohena (Principal) 1937-42
Angeline "Daisy" Sheldon and Molly Cummings both taught at Royal School
Angeline 'Daisy" Sheldon
Daisy started teaching in 1906 in Eleele, Kauai, at age 18.
- Eleele School 1906
- Lihue School 1908-17
- Royal School 1918-24
Nancy Cummings started teaching in 1903. It is not known how long she taught but it is believed she spent many years, all at Ulupalakua School on Maui.
Hannah K. Sheldon
Hannah, the daughter of Hannah Rachael Cummings and Henry Clay Sheldon began her teaching career in 1905. Hannah Cummings taught for a total 43 years. Hannah never married and took care of her mother for the last years of her life before Hannah Rachael Sheldon (Cummings) died in 1938. In 1908 Hannah earned $540.00 per year and had a Second Class Teaching Certificate. Hannah got her Primary Teaching Certificate in 1912 and was earning $600.00/yr.
- Kekaha School 1905-06
- Lihue School 1907-29
- DPI Lihue 1930-31
- DPI-Honolulu 1932-47
Mollie Cummings born in 1884 to Thomas Cummings and Etta King taught at nine different schools on three different islands. Mollie obtained her Primary Teaching Certificate in 1911 while teaching at Kapaa School on Kauai. Mollie Cummings taught until 1953, a total of 47 years. Mollie never married and dedicated her life to education.
- Hanalei School 1906-08
- Kihei School 1908
- Hauula School 1910
- Kapaa School 1912-18
- Royal School 1919-22
- Iolani School 1923
- Boys Industrial School, Honolulu 1924-26
- Royal School 1927
- Boys Industrial School, Honolulu 1928-36
- Waialee Training School 1937
- Hongwanji Mission School 1953
Myrah Cummings [Pauole]
Myrah started her teaching career a little later in her life.After children were a bit older Myrah, the wife of Jonah Booth Cummings Jr., With the Department of instruction at Eleele on Kaua'i. In 1939 Myrah transferred to within the Department to Kapa'a, where she taught until 1952. In 1953 after the death of husband Jonah, Myrah relocated to Honolulu where continued working for the Department of Instruction until 1958. Myrah Cummings taught for 22 years, all after the age of 35. Myrah died in 1990.
Molly Cummings [King]
Molly Cummings [King] found her life in disarray when her husband George H. Cummings left her for someone else. She took her two young sons and moved to Honolulu, where she worked a year with Department of Instruction in 1922. Molly taught at Iolani School for the 1923 school year. Molly King spent the next 30 years with the DPI as an instructor with the Division Training School in Honolulu. Molly taught for 32 years.
Helen Cummings, as far as we know taught 1 year of school in Waimea on kaua'i
The Naluai Connection
Peter Naluai and the Sisters he loved
This is a story of a unique situation that happened during a six year period from 1913 to 1919. It involved Peter Moses Naluai, born on August 2, 1876 in Honolulu in the Kingdom of Hawai’i. Peter was educated at St. Louis College . While at the school Peter Naluai would receive many scholastic awards and in his senior year, (1896) was part of the St. Louis College Literary and Dramatic Society, and appeared in their rendition of "New Brooms Sweep Clean," playing the part of Jacob Trusty (The Independent, 1896). By 1900 Peter had acquired stock in the Kamalo Sugar Company, along with Joseph Humphreys Cummings who would eventually become his brother in-law. Peter would also become a member of the 7th Precinct Republican Club that same year. In August of 1901 Peter became a Liquidating Clerk with the Customs Department for the Territory of Hawai'i. In 1906 he was laid up with Typhoid fever but recovered nicely to resume his position at the Custom House.
His place in our family history is best described as atypical. Peter would father 17 children between 1905 and 1919 from three separate women, all Cummings and all sisters, although he was only married to one of them. The first thing that comes to mind is was this all consensual or done behind his wife’s back. We do know that most of time between 1906 and 1919, Elizabeth was on Kauai at the homestead. Peter, on the other hand was working in Honolulu, where Elizabeth’s sisters Phoebe and Amy were residing. It is a situation that I have never seen published before. However, it is part of our history. Peter had 11 children simultaneously during that 6 year stretch. All three Cummings sisters were the daughters of Joseph Elijah Cummings and Phoebe Kahaunahele Poni Miner.
- The Independent. (Honolulu, H.I.), 14 Nov. 1896. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047097/1896-11-14/ed-1/seq-1/>
In the end, poetic justice?
It is interesting to note that Phoebe chose to give her son three children the Naluai surname, while Amy chose to give her five children the Cummings surname. Amy did not have any other children, although she did marry a man named Edward Wallace. Phoebe would go on to marry Thomas Phillips and have two more daughters Marigold and Leilani.
In May of 1920 Elizabeth Naluai contracted the flu, from an epidemic that had spread from Lihue. Peter Moses Naluai went to Kaua’i to tend to her and the children. In doing so he also contracted the disease and died in Lihue on May 15, 1920, his wife Elizabeth survived and lived to be 75 years old, she died on October 22, 1960, she never re-married.
The Children of Elizabeth and Peter
- Moses Peter (1905)
- Elizabeth (1906)
- Rachael Haua Kanoena (1908)
- Peter Moses (1909)
- William Haleauokalani (1910)
- Henrietta (1911)
- Louise (1913)
- Raphael Kaleiahiahi (1914)
- Carl (1916)
The Children of Amy and Peter
- Amy C. (1913)
- Agnes (1915)
- Thomas (1915)
- Esther (1917)
- Annabelle (1919)
The Children of Phoebe and Peter
- George (1913)
- Samuel Booth (1917)
- Gertrude A. (1919)
The Surfers: Clayton Naluai; Alan Naluai; Bernie Ching Pat Silva, Buddy Naluai
Born in successive years 1936-37 to Raphael Naluai and Abigail Duarte were brothers Clayton and Alan Naluai. They would form in the late 1950’s the musical group known as The Surfers, with Bernie Ching and Pat Sylva. According to “Don Charles Hampton” (2006).” In 1957, Al and Clay were attending Glendale Junior College in Glendale, California. There they befriended two other native Hawaiians: Percussionist Bernie Ching and Pat Sylva, a multi-instrumentalist who could hold his own on piano, vibes, ukulele or trombone. Both Pat and Bernie sang as well. They all ended up joining the school choir, and traveling up and down the West Coast doing concerts. One day, the choir director asked the four friends to work up arrangements of some traditional Hawaiian tunes and perform them as specialty numbers. They did, and the boys' act went over big on stage. That's when, according to Clayton, "we started having fun with it."
Although, diplomats for Hawaiian Music in the mainland, they were a California based group. As told by Blogger Don Hampton, (2006). “Their years on the mainland had given The Surfers a degree of professionalism that was new in Hawaiian music circles. They added Hollywood gloss and polish with what Clay liked to call "a Hawaiian spirit." The combination proved to be a potent one, and The Surfers were welcomed at the islands' top venues: Don the Beachcomber's, The Outrigger Waikiki, the Club C'Est Si Bon and the Imperial Hawaii Hotel, just to name a few. Buddy Naluai joined the group during this period” (A Rock-A-Hula History).
On January 16, 1980 Clayton Naluai called it quits, stopped cold turkey after over twenty years on stage and being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, he was 43 years old. Today Clayton runs his own Aikido school in Honolulu as a sixth danAikido sensei.
On 10 March 2001, Alan Naluai at age 62 died of heart disease, he had suffered a heart attack earlier. His funeral was held at Kawaiaha'o Church in Honolulu with 3,000 mourners in attendance (Hampton, 2006).
Richard “Buddy” Naluai has been the Minister of Music & the Arts/Organist at Kawaiahao Church since 1982.
Family Side Bits
1916 Society Page
Molly Sheldon, granddaughter of Amy Hoolai Cummings and John Sheldon, married Isaac Cockett, from Malupehu, Molokai around 1891. At that point, Isaac was working as a clerk. However, by 1894 he was the proprietor of the Kalihi Saloon which was located for many years on the corner of King St. and Kam IV road. By 1913 Isaac Cockett was running an establishment on Hotel Street. They had 3 children, the oldest daughter “Ritchie” (1895), Estrella Kuupuaala (1901), and a sonKalani N. (1905).
On October 18, 1916 Ritchie Cockett married William Ladd Rosa, son of the former Attorney General under the Monarchy. Miss Cockett was an associate in the firm of Thompson, Milverton, and Cathcart, while Rosa was a clerk in the U.S. court. Both were well known in the Honolulu social circuit of 1916. Rosa had been one of the best prep football players of that time, having been a 3-year starter at QB for McKinley high school. Their popularity warranted a thorough write up in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Below is an excerpt from the article.
- “A pretty church wedding of this week was that of Miss Ritchie Cockett and William Ladd Rosa. There were about a hundred-guest bidder to the ceremony at 8:00 o'clock on Wednesday evening at the Sacred Heart chapel, at Punahou. The church was decorated in the tall, stately white lilies and white asters and white daisies, with beautiful baskets of feathery lace fern. Each of the bride’s attendants carried a. shower bouquet of sweet peas and white violets, the bride’s gown was of white taffeta with an over dress of very handsome lace. The long train was ornamented with orange blossoms. The dainty was enveloped in a lovely lace veil, which hung to the end of the train. It was arranged as a coronet about her head. The bride entered the church leaning at the arm of her uncle: Attorney William J. Sheldon, and was preceded by Miss Hazel Williams, the maid of honor, and Miss Irmgard Brash, the bridesmaid. They were met at the head of then alter by the groom and his best man and here the wedding was performed by the re. Fr. Stephen Alencastre. Mr. Mahealani Alfonso Rosa was his brothers best man and the ushers were D.L. Conkling, and MR. Oliver Lansing” (Honolulu star-bulletin, 1916).