Generations 

     The second generation of the Cummings family is important genealogically because it defines the seven paths that lead us all to the one person that we are all related to, and that is Thomas Booth Cummings. Our patriarch had 8 children from 2 wives. All had children except his seventh offspring Parker Andrew Cummings. hence the 7 paths to the top of the triangle in Hawai'i. In this section we tell the story of the 2nd generation, their accomplihments, failures, marriages and migration, amongst other topics. listed below are the eight members of the Cummings second generation all born between 1849 and 1862 in Makawao, Maui.

  • Caroline Cummings
  • William Humphreys Cummings
  • Thomas Booth Cummings
  • Amy Ho'olai Cummings
  • Jonah Booth Cummings
  • Joseph Elijah Cummings
  • Parker Andrew Cummings
  • Hanah Rachael Cummings

     The term "second-generation" extends the concept of "first-generation" by one generation. As such, the term exhibits the same type of ambiguity as "first-generation," as well as additional ones.

Like "first-generation immigrant," the term "second-generation" can refer to a member of either:

  • the second generation of a family to inhabit,
  • but the first to be natively born in, a country, or
  • the second generation to be born in a country.

     In 19th century Hawaii the term 2nd generation was used to refer to the Hawaii-born children of foreign-born parents, or as was the case in our family, the Hawaii-born children of one foreign-born parent and one Hawaii-born parent. Which in turn refers to the first race born in Hawaii to Thomas Booth Cummings and [1] Mary Makaena and [2] Kahale Kamanoulu.

     I have always had a strong focus in the stories, reports and articles I have posted towards the second generation of our ohana. Given the time period of Thomas Booth Cummings arrival, which coincided with rapid changes in the social, economic, and political atmosphere of the Kingdom, set a strong atmosphere to indulge. Moreover, the second generation showed a propensity for expending their abilities and experience, in achieving success. Whether that success was measured monetarily or in longevity, it was attained across the board by all involved.

     We can measure the true talents of speculation, with W.H. Cummings uncanny ability of knowing when to invest in a commodity and when to remove himself from it. This natural insight is what enabled him to be involved in a variety of ventures. His life was short even for the times he lived. However, it was non-stop, whether filled with the excitement of success and power, or the disappointment of personal tragedy, W.H.’s brief 48 years was filled with premeditated movement, intended on producing a profit. In today’s world, WH would have relished in his frequent flyer miles. Until 1895 his endeavors kept him constantly on the move between islands. His life was never uneventful.

     There are several ways to measure longevity. Using a yard stick of dedication and faithfulness would produce a blueprint of Thomas Booth Cummings, the son who remained on Maui, becoming the most versatile employee that Wailuku Sugar Co had ever seen. Unlike his older brother, his life was predictable, a day to day existence that could easily be calculated. You knew where he was, or where he would be. You knew that those infamous luau’s that he loved to through for family occasions would always be the delight of Waikapu. What you did not know was that it would end so abruptly. At 52 years old he, as did his older brother, left before his time.

     If longevity is to be measured in time, then the rewards might be gained in wisdom and sustainability. The ability to sustain one’s self for ¾ of a century of work in the cane fields of 19th century Hawaii, requires both physical and mental strength. In the case of Jonah and Joseph Cummings the longevity which defined their life was tempered by the strongest sibling bond in the family. In calculating their lives in terms of place of residence, place of employment or, time and place of migration, where you find one, you'll find the other. This sequence of events continued for most of their lives. It was only broken for a brief period when Joseph and second wife Lily moved to Oahu.

     Amy Ho'olai Cummings died at 32 years of Hansen's disease. We do not know much about her, although we know very much about her husband John G.M. Sheldon. Hannah Rachel Cummings we know lived a long life that out lived her husband Henry Clay Kalua Sheldon. We can, if we so choose, make an assumption, that given the fact that Thomas Booth Cummings and Henry Lawrence Sheldon were good friends and traveling companions that arrived in Hawaii together, that the two marriages between the Cummings sisters and the Sheldon Brothers might have been arranged? With the new information we have attained that will be something to ponder for awhile.

     Sometimes in large families, there are individuals that fall through the cracks, or run under the radar. This is not to say that Parker Andrews Cummings was estranged from his family, it refers to the amount of published information that is obtainable for said person. We know little about his personal, although his employment history is well documented.

Caroline Cummings and Joaquin Antone Dutro

     Caroline and Joaquin were Maka'ainana (common Taro farmers) for 40 years in Kalua a part of Wailuku. They would have four children Manuel (1869-1928); Antone (1870-aft. 1940); Joaquin (1874-1897); Mary (1890-1970) Caroline Cummings was the first child of Thomas'. She never knew her biological mother Mary as she died a short time after giving birth to her daughter. Yet it was stated in a sermon given by the Reverend Jonathan S, Green that Mary did get to hold her baby girl for at least a little while before she passed on. The couple was well known in Wailuku and their funerals were well attended (Green, 1849).

     Joaquin Dutro did not arrive from the Azores in the traditional sense. Meaning he got to Hawaii 22 years before the first Portuguese contract worker stepped off the ship in 1878. It is believed he arrived from San Francisco after traversing the continent.


Sibling Comparisons

     In comparing life patterns between the three sons, it seems that one could assume that all three were of differing demeanor's. Each certainly lived different lives with different circumstances to which each had to deal. Manuel and Antone were forced to deal with sorrow in their personal lives and Joaquin would leave this earth before his time. Mary’s life we know little about.

  • Manuel Dutro
  • Antone Dutro
  • Joaquin Antone Dutro Jr.
  • Caroline Dutro
Manuel Dutro (1869-1928)

     Manuel Dutro created a good life for himself and his family. He worked hard and earned his way into managerial spots wherever he was employed. In 1892 at 22 years of age he was a “Hack” (taxi driver) for the Wailuku Stables, by the beginning of the next decade he would be the Manager of the Iao Stables in Wailuku. However, until then he would have to pay his dues. In 1894 he was driving for W A Baileys stables. Manuel married his first cousin Sophia Sheldon (1884- ), about 1898, she was the daughter of John GM Sheldon and Amy Ho’olai Cummings. In 1899 while he worked for the Tax Board on Maui the couple would lose their first child James on January 7, 1899, 3 days after his birth on the 4th (Evening Bulletin, 1899). The passing of James made their second son Jack’s birth all the more important. On his third birthday in 1903 a lavish Luau was thrown in his honor, it is said that all of Wailuku attended. This would be a pattern of entertainment that would continue as Luaus with many in attendance were not uncommon. The Maui News social section was filled with reports of celebrations conducted at the Dutro home in the Ili of Kalua in the Ahupua’a of Wailuku. The home was built on a Land Commission Award #3233, RP# 7559 probably sometime before 1900. The original Patentee is listed as Hoa’ai who secured the award in 1881 it contained 4.01 acres (Waihona Aina, 2014). Manuel and Sophia would go on to have 5 more children: Molly; Clifford; Steven; Amy (Carrie), and Valentine. Both Manuel and Antone were sworn into in the National Guards of Hawaii, Company 1 in December of 1900. They served under their cousin 2nd Lieut. George Cummings. Both brothers were also active as Grand and Trial jurors for the Circuit Court, Second Judicial District. In 1900 Manuel was promoted to Manager of the Iao Stables in Wailuku. He was noted as being a very clever and obliging young man. He resigned from his position on November 21, 1901 to take a position with the new Pioneer Stables in Lahaina. On January 9, 1904 Manuel Dutro, probably because of his long experience in the field, was elected Hack Inspector and Humane Officer for Wailuku. He remained a part time government official until 1910. On July 12, 1913 Manuel Dutro along with a partner named Tanioka open a Market they call DUTRO and TANIOKA. They advertise their intent to handle poultry, fish. Corned beef, eggs, and vegetables. The proprietors promise a well-stocked and fly-proof store. In 1921 Manuel sat on the Board of Directors of the St. Anthony’s Alumni Association. During this time he sold his meat market and stayed on to manage for the new owner. Manuel died in 1928, he was 59 years old.

Mary Dutro (about 1880-1970)

     Mary Dutro married David K. Richards and was residing on the big island of Hawaii as late as 1926. They did one son David “D.K.” Richards. “DK” spent much of his youth with his older cousin William Dutro and his family, the son of Mary’s brother Joaquin Jr. And as they say; “You are what your environment is,” this held true for “DK” as he became an outstanding baseball player on Maui, in the image of his cousin William who was one of the best middle infielders to ever play in the Maui Senior League.




Below is a GIS read out of the LCA 3233.2 that was obtained by Joaquin Dutro Sr from Hoa'ai  through commutation before 1900 then signed over to son Manuel Dutro after 1900.

Antone Dutro (1870- after 1940)

     Antone Dutro married Caroline Tiloa, (1875-1914), who emigrated to Hawaii from the Gilbert Islands in 1880 at 5 years old, and was raised and educated by E.H. Bailey and his wife from the timeof her arrival. She had suffered for many years from heart disease and died of heart failure on May 9, 1914. Caroline was a ward of the Bailey’s at the time of her death. 

     In 1892 Antone was working as a clerk for A. Enosand Company in Wailuku. He remained there until 1896 when he took a job as a clerk with Hoffmann & Vetlesen in Wailuku.

     In 1899 Antone was a police officer for Maui County until 1902 when he returns to clerking with Lovejoy & Co in Wailuku.

     In March of 1906 Antone Dutro is a teamster hauling freight for the Bismark Stables. After the death of his wife Caroline Tiloa, sometime between 1914 and 1920 Antone moved to Kaua’i. He is listed in the 1920 US Federal Census, as living alone at #24 Wainiha Powerhouse Road in Hanalei Village and employed by the Kauai County Road Department. This employment date matches the time period that Jonah Booth Cummings (road crew) and son Joseph H. Cummings (plumber) were also working for the Road Department.

     By April 3, 1930, the US Federal Census shows Antone still living at #24 Wainiha Powerhouse Road in Hanalei Village and is married to a Hawaiian woman named Elizabeth, who is 55 years old.

     In 1940 Antone Dutro is listed in the 1940 US Federal Census as age 70 years is not employed and is living at 112 Powerhouse Road, Hanalei Village and is married to his 3rd wife a Hawaiian lady named Mary Pa (Kaiawe) who is listed as 40 years old. As far as I can tell Antone had no children.

Joaquin Dutro Jr (1874-1897)

     Joaquin Dutro married Caroline Rose (1870-1926), daughter of Frank Garcia Rose and Caroline Kalalaina Saffery, about 1891, and they had 4 children William (1891-1956); Caroline R. (1893-1933); Joaquin III (1894); and Ellen H. (1896). The first record of employment we have for Joaquin is in 1890 working as a clerk for the Hawaiian Fruit and Taro Co. in Wailuku, of which WH's long time friend and partner Wm. H. Daniels was Secretary/Treasurer and of which his uncle was Agent. In 1892 Joaquin Jr is listed as working for his father as a taro farmer in Kalua. Joaquin Sr was probably working the farm on the 4.1 land commission that he would eventually sign over to his son Manuel on March 3, 1906. In 1894 we find Joaquin’s livelihood listed as a “Collector.” In 1896 the last public record of Joaquin lists him once again as taro farmer in Kalua. There are two more instances that were recorded about Joaquin Dutro Jr. The first is a criminal case brought against him by the Crown on June 30, 1891 for furious driving. as stated in the Hawaiian Gazette: “The Crown vs Joaquim Dutro; Furious Driving; Appeal from Wailuku. John Kalua for defendant. Bail forfeited. The second instance is a bit odd, as to why it was posted. Its reasoning could stretch from false advertising to fraud. Appearing in The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Jan 26, 1896 and in the Hawaiian Gazette on Jan. 3rd, 10th and 17th was the following notice: “Joaquim Dutro Jr. of Wailuku, Maui has never been in our employ and is in no way authorized to transact business for our firm. His receipt is not valid. 1721 3t alt. CALIFORNIA WINE CO.” This could have had something to do with what he was doing as a collector in 1894. As a collector of wines we might ask? Joaquin Dutro Jr died January 17, 1897 in Wailuku. He was 23 years old.


William Humphreys Cummings

     William Humphreys Cummings lived only 48 years. In that short span, his life was filled with commercial success and personal sorrow. He was said to be an excellent speculator, meaning he knew when to get into an enterprise and when to get out. Judging by his record this was certainly true. By the age of thirty he was one of the largest planters for Wailuku Sugar Co. In the 1880’s he took advantage of the Reciprocity treaty with the United States and invested in a Sugar Company by the same name in Hana. He managed the plantation and was its largest stockholder. The decade of the 80’s was a profitable one for WH Cummings. He invested in livestock, as the proprietor of two ranches. The Kahoolawe Stock he leased in 1880 and the Kaupo Stock ranch he owned simultaneously. In 1889 he was an investor and Agent for The Hawaiian Fruit and Taro Company in Wailuku, Maui. William acquired a number of Land Commission Grants through commutation. William Cummings became quite a wealthy man by the time the 1890’s rolled in. He was successful at attaining a seat in the Kingdoms House of Representatives in 1890 serving two years representing Honolulu’s 2nd District. WH Cummings personal relationships started young with a marriage to Kilauea Paiaulani on October 11, 1867, there were no children from this union, although he did have a son during his marriage with a woman known as Miss Mahi. His first son John Humphreys Cummings was born on July 4, 1870. His wife Kilauea would also die on October 11th of the same year. On October 25, 1877, WH would marry Clarissa Ekekela Maipinepine Jackson at Po’okela Church, Makawao, Maui, the Reverend J.S. Green presiding. The couple would go on to have nine children:                

  • William Campbell 1878-1934 
  • Thomas Booth 1881-aft. 1912
  • Clarissa Ekekela 1882-1943
  • Esther H. 1883-1918
  • Parker Edmund 1887-1952
  • Jonah Booth 1889-1919
  • Emily 1890-1890
  • Edward 1891-1922
  • Ernest 1883-1975

W.H. and W.H. Business Ventures

William Humphreys Cummings had a longtime friend and business partner by the name of William Henry Daniels, who was married to one of Clarissa Jackson’s relatives. Daniels also served in the legislature from 1886 to 1888. Their three main business ventures are listed below:


  • The Kahoolawe Stock Ranch
  • Thee Kaupo Stock Ranch
  • W.H.Daniels and Company



An Account of the ranches at Kahoolawe and Kaupo

In September of 1883, a correspondent for the Daily Bulletin, a Honolulu daily, visited the ranch on Kahoolawe and wrote an article for the paper. Here are some excerpts from the article which according to the Daily Bulletin, (1883). "Mr Cummings purchase of the lease was a blind adventure as he had never visited the island and knew nothing of it except for the representations of parties interested in negotiating for it." "On going ashore I found three very comfortable wooden houses and one grass house. Also from four to five hundred head of cattle, among which are three imported bulls of the short horned Durham breed, thirty head of horses and brood mares and an imported Hamiltonian stallion, all in good order.

On my return to Maui, I journeyed along the windward and stopped at Kaupo another fine stock ranch of 12,000 acres owned by Mr. Cummings and well stocked with cattle, mules and horses; he is also one of the largest planters for the Wailuku Sugar Co. and has large taro lands in Wailuku which yield him a nice income annually, and bid fair to make him one of the wealthiest half-whites in Hawaii" (p. 2).



The Kaupo Stock Ranch

  • Proprietor: WH Cummings
  • Manager: WH Daniels
  • Location: Makae, Maui
  • Total Acreage: 12,000
  • Stock: Horses; Mules; Cattle

Kahoolawe Stock Ranch

  • WH Cummings: proprietor
  • WH Daniels: manager
  • Purchased: From Judge Allen
  • Terms: 34 year lease (1880)
  • Location: Island of Kahoolawe
  • P O Boxes: Lahaina, Wailuku

Acreage

  • Total: 32,000
  • Grazing: 20,000

Stock

  • Goats: 9,000
  • Sheep: 2,000
  • Cattle: 450
  • Horses: 40


W.H.Daniels and Company

Established partnership with W.H.Cummings on May 13, 1887. W.H.Cummings purchased from W.B.Keanu all interest in said company. W.H. Daniels served as Manager in Wailuku, and W.H. Cummings served as Agent in Honolulu.

In March of 1888 W.H.Cummings retired from the firm of W.H.Daniels and Company. The company name was thus changed to The Hawaiian Fruit and Taro Company. By October 1888 the company had incorporated.

Early History.......As mentioned in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, (1883)."On the 5th day of March 1883 a meeting of the stockholders of the Reciprocity Sugar Co. voted to accept a Charter of Incorporation, granted to them and their associates by the Minister of the Interior, by and with the consent of the King in Privy Counsel, under the corporate name and style of the Reciprocity Sugar Company, on the 7th day of February 1883, and that the corporation under the said charter elected the following officers"(p.7)

  • John E. Bush........................President
  • W.H.Cummings.....................Vice President & Manager
  • C.L.Hopkins..........................Secretary
  • C.P.Iaukea.............................Auditor

Board of Directors:

  • John E.Bush
  • W.H.Cummings
  • J.Hayseldon
  • C.L.Hopkins
  • T.J.McCrosson

According to the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, (1883)."Two and a half miles north of the Hana Post Office is the Reciprocity Sugar Co. Thirteen months ago this place was nothing but a wilderness of rocks and trees, but now there is a fine new mill, with all of the latest improvements, among which are three Jarvis furnaces, and a Babcock and Wilcox boiler, the only one in the Kingdom. There is also a large general store belonging to the Company that carries a $12,000 stock, and many other buildings and dwelling houses belonging to the plantation. Mr. W. H. Cummings, the manager, deserves great credit for the excellent and rapid work he has accomplished. The company started to plant cane in January 1883, and by April 1st had planted 114 acres. They will have 140 acres of cane to grind in March 1884, and expect to plant 200 acres of cane this year. The present crop it is estimated will yield from 300 to 400 tons. Their cane, which is long-jointed Lahains certainly looks fine. The water supply is from an unfailing source and is carried three miles from the Mokaenui Mountains, and supplies all the houses of the plantation. The lands require no irrigation. The mill is an eight ton one, and the building, which is in course of erection, is 120 feet long by 42 wide, with a downhill grade so that a pump will hardly be required. .The Company has gone to an expense of $4,000 to make their landing and wharf a good one. This enterprising company has already erected thirty-eight houses and are still building. The laborers, Madeira and St. Michael s Portuguese, also natives, have neat houses in separate quarters with eating and bath houses for each quarter. No expense has been spared to make their laborers comfortable. Mr. Cummings, inspects each room every week and a fine is imposed if the rooms are not kept neat and clean by the occupants. Though the work has been discouraging in some respects the land being covered by big guavas and stones, their labor will soon be repaid, and this once rough land proves to be rich soil. Mr. J. F. McCrosson has been engaged as engineer for the plantation. The stockholders have, in Mr. Cummings, an efficient, energetic manager who is also the Vice President of the corporation and the largest stockholder as well, and is thoroughly conversant with his businesses" (p. 6)

References

The Daily bulletin. (Honolulu [Hawaii]), 06 Sept. 1883. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1883-09-06/ed-1/seq-2/>

The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands), 22 Sept. 1883. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Retrieved from. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1883-09-22/ed-1/seq-1/

The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands), 17 March 1883. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1883-03-17/ed-1/seq-5/

      Thomas Booth Cummings Jr. made an indelible mark on our Ohana. He did it with durability, endurance and perseverance. He gave our family the gift of commitment. There was never a more versatile employee at Wailuku Sugar Co. during Thomas’ 30 years of devoted loyalty.

      Thomas resided on Maui for his entire life. He lived with wife Amorette Etta Cummings [King] daughter of Capt. John King. Thomas and Amorette raised 10 children from their home in Waikapu. They were noted for having charming Luau’s with music that lasted well into the night. 

       Most notably their oldest son George Humphreys Cummings was a prominent athlete, who went on to star with the Maui Stars Baseball club and played many years around the turn of the century. He would be the first of several stellar ball players to come out of our family. He later served the people of Maui as a Deputy Sheriff for many years.

Thomas' work history at Wailuku Sugar Company

  • 1877 to 1889: Cummings Thomas, division overseer Wailuku Sugar Co.
  • 1890 to 1892: Cummings, Thomas division Superintendent Wailuku Sugar Co.
  • 1892 to 1894: Cummings Thos, Overseer Carting and Fluming Wailuku Sugar Co
  • 1894 to 1896: Cummings Thos, Overseer Wailuku Sugar Co,
  • 1897 to 1903: Cummings Thomas, Irrigating Luna Wailuku Sugar Co
  • 1904 to  1906 Head Luna

An account of a Luau given in 1901 at the Cummings home in Waikapu

      On Last Saturday evening a delightful luau was given at the residence of Mr. Thomas Cummings of Waikapu, in honor of his daughter, Mollie Cummings, and Charles E. King, who are spending their school vacation at Waikapu. A large number of guests, both from Waikapu and Wailuku, were in attendance, and they received a most hospitable welcome. It was a lovely moonlight evening, and the handsomely decorated lanai's were crowded with charmed listeners to songs and instrumental music. When supper was announced the dining room revealed a fairy-like scene of lights, flower and viands, mingled with the aromatic aroma of suckling pig roasted to a turn in ti leaves. Many toasts were said and sung, the bachelors taking the lead and toasting the joys of single blessedness, in which Mr. Lake acted as spokesman. The married men rallied at once and drank a rising toast to their wives, daughters and mothers present, the News man having been selected on account of his peculiarly elongated jaw, to speak for the Benedict's. More music succeeded the supper, after which good-nights were said and the guests dispersed (The Maui News, 1901).

Thomas Cummings respect on Maui, and in particular Wailuku, was unchallenged. He remained a pillar of the community for 30 years until his death. We have only to look at his obituary to realie how respected and loved he was. His obituary entitled "Death Claims Wailuku's Oldest Head Luna" was printed in the Maui News on March 31, 1906. It stated:

     This time death claims as her victim one of our truest and best citizens, Thomas Cummings of Waikapu. Thomas Cummings for nearly thirty years in the employ of the plantation now known as the Wailuku Sugar Company died at his home on Sunday afternoon of heart disease and diabetes. He had been ill but a short time and his death came as a great shock to his many friends. He was taken to the Malutani Hospital but a short time ago and not until last Friday evening when it was learned that he would take no nourishment but insisted on going home It was  felt that he was seriously ill. . In spite of a down pouring rain he insisted on going home where he died a few hours afterward surrounded by his heart broken wife and children and some of his most intimate friends. Mr. Cummings was one of the best plantation men here and it will be difficult to find a man who so thoroughly understood his division and his laborers as he did. He was one of Maui's best citizens, and his death causes a void in that it will take time to fill. The funeral which was largely attended was held at his late residence and was conducted by Rev. W. Ault of the Episcopal Church the pall bearers were Judge A. N. Kepoikai, W. H. Corn well, T A. Lloyd, George Weight, W. T. Robinson and Edward Hart II. Practically every vehicle in town was in use and by actual count they numbered exactly the same as were used at the funeral of the late Mr. A. Enos. Services were conducted at the grave by the members of Haleakala Lodge K. of P. of which Mr. Cummings was a member. Flowers in great numbers and beautiful designs were brought by many friends as a token of their love of their departed friend. Mr. Cummings was born on Maui. He was fifty-two years of age. He leaves a wife and eleven children most of whom are young girls and all but one of whom was dependent upon him for support.(Coke, H.M.1906).

References

  • Husted, F.M. (2014). 1880-1881: The Hawaiian Kingdom Statistical and Commercial Directory and                                     Tourist's Guide Retrieved from,   http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/ 
  • Husted, F.M. (2014). 1884-1885: Husted's Directory of Honolulu and the Hawaiian Territory.                                             Retrieved from, http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/
  •  
  • Husted, F.M. (2014). 1888: Husted's Directory of Honolulu and the Hawaiian Territory.                                                     Retrieved from, http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/
  •  
  • Husted, F.M. (2014). 1890: Husted's Directory of Honolulu and the Hawaiian Territory.                                                     Retrieved from, http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/
  •  
  • Coke, H.M. (1906). The Maui news, Death claims Wailuku's oldest head Luna,                                                                       Retrieved from. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/
  •  
  • The Maui News, (1901). A charming luau, Retrieved from, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/

     Amy Hoolai Cummings was the first to leave Makawao. On May 30, 1870, a Monday evening, the Reverend H.H. Parker performed the marriage of Amy and John Graves Mundon Sheldon at the heralded Fort Street Church. It was a marriage that would last almost eighteen years, ending with Amy's tragic defeat from Hansen's disease on January 1, 1888. They had 9 children between 1870 and 1885. She was married to a very public figure. John Sheldon was a journalist in the tradition of his father Henry C. Sheldon. There is very little that we know of Amy's private life as there has been next to nothing written of her. However, there is a testimony given by her husband John Sheldon, also known as Kahikina Kelekona, on April 4, 1892 attesting to the care she was given during the last few years of her life. 

     From Honolulu April 4, 1892: 

      I hereby attest, I am the one whose name appears below; in order to verify the miraculous works of Mr. Marcus W. Lowell, and so that the public knows, he treated my wife in 1886 after she contracted the disease known as the sickness that separates families [ma'i hookaawale ohana]; he treated her and she got much better than with the doctors who treated her. She suffered for ten years from this sickness, and within a month, Mr. Lowell saved her because of his aloha he had for my wife during that time.

                                                                                                                      .....John Kahikini Kelekona

       John Sheldon was a gifted and talented man. He was certainly another reason why we should be proud and amazed by the legacies left to us by our ancestors. As a journalist he was second to none. As a writer he had the talent to weave a story and keep his audience engaged. His highly popular book "The biography of Joseph Nawahi" was proof of that. Yet, if you would like to read a fascinating story, Sheldon's "Jack Koolau the Leper Bandit" is a must read. It is the true story of Jack Koolau, who along with his wife and son hid from the authorities for three years in Kalalau Valley on the Island of Kaua'i, rather than get shipped from his family to Kalapapa. However rewarding his talents were with the written word, Sheldon's first true love was contained in the mele's that he had composed since he was a child on the Kona coast of Hawai'i. So talented was John that a young Princess by the name of Liliokalani had taken notice and in turn became good friends over the next fifteen years. When she ascended the throne John sat in her cabinet as composer and advisor. So dedicated to his Queen was John, that at the overthrow in 1893, John stood by her side and as a result was put on house arrest. Upon his release John Sheldon never stopped his torrid denouncement of what was perceived as an illegal takeover of the Hawaiian government and used his influence as editor and chief of the daily Hawai'i Holomua to remind the United States Government of that fact with his ramp-id editorials. John Sheldon died on March 27, 1914 in Honolulu of hemorrhage after several years of poor health. At the time of his death he was one of the oldest printers in Hawai'i. Being proficient in both the English and Hawaiian languages he was frequently employed as an interpreter in the courts and elsewhere. His book "The Biography of Joseph Nawahi" is still required reading in many Hawaiian history courses. Sheldon died in 1914.

In the Hawaiian daily newspaper Kuakoa this obituary was listed.

     At nine o’clock in the morning of this past Friday, the life breath of John Kahikina Kelekona left forever at his home; he was a very famous historian, and an old newspaperman in this town in years past, and his famous works will become an unforgettable monument to him.

     He left behind many children, six daughters and two sons. The girls are: Mrs. I. Cockett; Mrs. J. R. Francis; Mrs. Ernest Kaai; Mrs. Joseph Namea; Mrs. M. Dutro, of Wailuku, Maui; Miss Emma Sheldon; and the boys are: D. K. Sheldon and Henry Sheldon, who work as clerks on inter-island steamships.

     He left also two brothers [hoahanau]: William J. Sheldon, one of the esteemed members of the legislature some sessions ago, and Lawrence K. Sheldon who is with the law enforcement office in Honolulu.

     Kahikina Kelekona was born in Kona, Hawaii, on the 11th of June, 1844, and when he was but a school child, he came to live here in Honolulu. For a time his father, Henry L. Sheldon, was an owner and an early editor of the Bulletin Newspaper. He was an interpreter for the courts for some time and interpreter for the number of sessions of the legislature. Kahikina Kelekona wrote a book on the story of Koolau, the fierce one of the jagged cliffs of Kalalau, and also the book on the story of Joseph Nawahi of Hilo, in Hawaiian. This past Sunday, it is said, that there was a service over his earthly body at the crematorium in Maemae, and his ashes were buried at the cemetery in Nuuanu.

John Graves Mundon Sheldon......Kahikini Kelekona

Most widely held works by J. G. M Sheldon

The Biography of Joseph K. Nawahi

Main Author: Sheldon, John G.M., 1844-1914 Publisher: Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society c1988

Description: ix, 491 p.: ill., ports. ; 29 cm.

Personal Name(s): Nogelmeier, Marvin Puakea; Hawaiian Historical Society

Personal Subject(s): Nawahi, Joseph Kahooluhi, 1842-1896

 Translation of: Ka buke moolelo o hon. Joseph K. Nawahi. - Honolulu: Bulletin Pub. Co., 1908

Translated from the Hawaiian with an introduction by Marvin Puakea Nogelmeier

Items Available (Archives Use Only): Call Number: B N3S 1988 Location: Dewey Library

Notes: Joseph Nāwahī was born January 13, 1842 at Kaimū, in the Puna district of Hawaiʻi Island. His parents were Nāwahīokalaniʻōpuʻu and Keaweolalo. As a young man, he was educated in Protestant mission schools such as the Hilo Boarding School, the Royal School, and Lāhaināluna School. He later became a member of the Hawaiian legislature, serving for 20 years (1872–1892), and was a member of the cabinet of Queen Liliʻuokalani, serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1892 and was vice president, later elected president of the Liberal Party. He was one of the electors who made Lunalilo king in 1873. He was also one of the six electors that voted for Queen Emma in 1874 and was affiliated with the Queen Emma Party that followed the Queen's defeat in the election. He was also the President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and opposed the 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

      Nāwahī operated Ke Aloha Aina, a Hawaiian language newspaper. In December 1894, a search warrant was served on his Kapālama home looking for "sundry arms and ammunition." Although nothing was found, Nāwahī was arrested for treason and bail was set at 10,000 dollars. He spent nearly three months in jail until being bailed out and it is believed that this is where he caught the tuberculosis that would later take his life.

 

 

The True Story of Kaluaikoolau as told by His Wife Piilani, 1906

Main Author: Sheldon, John G.M. 1844-1914

Translated from the Hawaiian Language by Frances N. Frazier

Published in The Hawaiian Journal of History (1987 v.21, p.1-41)

Notes: The story of Kaluaikoolau (who is also referred to as “Kauai” and “Kaluai”) has been

told by several well-known authors over the years. C.B. Hofgaard’s “The Story of

Piilani” was presented to the Kauai Historical Society in 1916 – Hofgaard had hunted,

fished and been a paniolo with Kaluaikoolau; this paper was later published in KHS’s

 

Kaua’i Historical Society Accession no. 2004.029

Processed in 2007 by Robert D. Stevens

Technical support by Rhea Palma

HOW IT ALL GOT STARTED

      It's hard not to wax nostalgic when entering my notes, facts, stories or tales about this man we only knew from what was told to us by our Uncle Joseph "Junior" Humphreys Cummings. Tales of multiple women, multiple wives in fact, served only to enhance the lore of our gr.Grandfather. Of course as kids you never realize that every story has two by-lines and they tend to object with one another. However, there can be no denying on my part that the stories of this man led me into this world that I have come to occupy amongst the genealogy sites, State archives, Depositories and various other research habitats that lay in and out of this thing they call the internet.

The Ohana of Jonah Booth Cummings and Sarah Kuhaulua

  • Lucy Kaʻumealani 1893-1938
  • Jonah Booth 1894-1953
  • William Kaleihopu 1896-1952
  • Thomas Elijah 1898-1938
  • Parker Edmund 1899-1954
  • Joseph Humphreys 1901-1901
  • Sarah Alice 1902-1965
  • Joseph Humphreys II 1903-1977
  • John Mahiai Kuhaulua 1905-1976
  • Juliana Kalani 1907-bef. 1940
  • Maria Nancy 1909-1974
  • Daniel Kuhaulua 1911- bef 1980
  • Henry Nalani 1913-1915

      Jonah Booth Cummings was the first kapuna that I was ever told about outside of my first cousins, Aunts, Uncles or Grandparents. My Uncle Joseph H. Cummings Jr. "Uncle Junior" first told me of this happy go lucky ladies man that was my gr.Grandfather. Outside of Jonah, Sarah Kuhaulua and Thomas Booth Cummings I really knew very little about the Cummings family until around 1999. My Mother had returned from a Cummings reunion on Kauai and she brought back a thick blue rectangular book with an English shield on the front and the words CUMMINGS HAWAIIAN GENEALOGY. It was amazing at first glance how big this family was and I could not help but think about the possibility of indulging, too a point, into the history of my ancestors.

KAUPO, MAUI, 1890

      You might ask, why Kaupo, the family was always anchored in east Maui. Well during most of the 1880’s WH Cummings ran cattle at a 12,000 acre spread in Kaupo as well as 30,000 acres on Kahoolawe. Both Joseph and Jonah worked for WH either at the Reciprocity Plantation in Hana or the ranch in Kaupo for most of that decade.

      In this story the year 1890 becomes a pivotal point in Jonah’s life. We all at times have to deal with the results of our decisions, the good ones are easy to deal with, and the bad ones not so much. Jonah was entering a period where lust would begin to overshadow his good judgment. Moreover key decisions would be on the horizon for Jonah as Joseph was making a run for the Makee plantation on Kaua’i. Brother in Law Henry Sheldon had already made the journey to Kealia with his family.  In Kaupo with a new baby what would be his decision? From the standpoint of the relationship that existed between Jonah and Joseph I can understand how this was a difficult one Jonah, despite his newly formed family. Of the eight siblings in the 2nd generation no siblings were even remotely close to one another as were these two brothers. This is a fact that bares years of proof, especially when considering that in over 70 years these two brothers worked and played side by side for all except maybe the last five.

      Well KauaI calls and off he went on WH Cummings steamer the HR Black. The garden isle awaited as did an unaware lovely 18 year old beauty from Moloaʻa named Sarah Kela Naimu Kuhaulua, my great grandmother. A woman on Kaua’I and another 200 miles away on Maui. For a man who loved to love women these were parameters that he could embrace, or so it seemed in some morphed way. And these were the strictures that would play out for the next 3 years as he skirted the garden isle for the valley isle and no one was the wiser until 1893.   

      On February 26, 1893 Maraea Makahio delivered her second child, a girl they named Annie Koiliaaloha Makahio Cummings. It was a time for celebration in Kaupo and things were looking optimistic for all involved except Jonah Cummings. Those bad decisions were stacking up fast on Jonah. He couldn’t keep his hands to himself on Kaua’i  and it resulted in Sarah giving birth to Lucy Kaumealani Cummings almost seven months earlier on Aug. 2 1892. He had indeed backed himself into a very narrow corner and any decision he made would never compensate all involved.

      All we have is the research, such as the yearly directories that we can use to track peoples movements 125 years ago. Well those tools have told us that Jonah Cummings left Maui for Kaua’i sometime after February 1893 and never went back. His desertion did not make Annie or Maria any less of a Cummings, but I do know, and I will explain later how, that the bitterness was carried especially by Annie and her descendants for a very long time.

      Maria would go on to marry Albert Maunahina Bush (1886-1955) from a prominent family in Honolulu on October 30, 1911. They would have eight children Louis, Angeline, Albert, Lionel, William, Patrick, John Pau, and Annie. These 8 siblings would go on to form the base of the Bush family within our umbrella of families.

      Annie would marry John N. Makahio around 1914. They would have 2 biological children between them Henrietta in 1917 and Charlotte in 1918. They would hānai 2 children Edward Napuunoa and Charlotte Makanoa who Annie adopted a year after John died in 1920.

      Annie would then marry Charles McGurn (1895- 1953), around 1921 and they would produce 4 boys and 3 girls, Alvina, Charles M.  Ruby, Charles A. Albert, William and Clothilde.

      Annie would die in 1935, at that point her husband Charles A. McGurn would then marry Annies daughter Charlotte K. Makahio from her first marriage around 1936. They would have 4 children, Peter, Lee, Mavis and Andrew who married Ruth Han and was part of our Ohana up in the Costa Mesa area for many years. Their kids Lee, Andrea and Junior were long time cousins up in the mainland.


RANCHING IN KAUPO, RECIPROCITY IN HANA AND MAKEE ULUPALAKUA

      Jonah along with his brother Joseph put in stints at WH Cummings ranch in Kaupo in the early 1880's. Jonah also worked for James Makee at his Rose Ranch Plantation in Ulupalakua. In 1884 when WH started the Reciprocity Sugar Co. in Hana, Jonah wound up working as an Overseer until 1889. In 1890 he started the year as a laborer for his brother Thomas at Wailuku Sugar Company. By the end of that year he had made the decision to migrate to Kauai

THE MAKEE SUGAR COMPANY ON THE KEALIA PLANTATION

          The Makee Sugar Company had begun in 1877 as a co-op of 12 individuals, each having an equal stake and responsible for all the planting and other laborious chores needed to grow sugar cane. The group was quite successful as they flourished for the first four years. However after 1881 the members became disheartened and discouraged, had all drifted away, and their property and leasehold rights, etc., had passed into the hands of Col. ZS Spaulding, the successor and son in law to Capt. James Makee, who had died in 1879.[17] Spalding was the one that coined the title Makee Sugar Co. at Kealia Plantation. Until that time it was simply referred to as the Kapaa and Kealia plantation as the company ran two mills one in each location.

 

KAWAIHAU

      Jonah was employed as a Luna from 1890 until 1894 at Makee Sugar Co. The family had taken up residence in Kawaihau in the camp south of the Kapa'a stream. This is the area that all of our family would settle in for at least the first ten years that they lived on Kauai. This included Joseph and Phoebe Cummings and their five children, Henry and Hannah Rachael Cummings Sheldon and their five children and Jonah and Sarah.

Land Holdings

      Jonah had (2) pieces of property one in the Kapaa Homesteads, Grant 7848, Lot 128 27.94 Acres. The second one was beach front in the Town of Kapaa Grant 5939 totaling .17 acres.

1895 to 1931

      At the start of 1895 Jonah was now a fisherman in Kilauea he continued fishing through 1896. By 1898 Jonah had returned to Makee Sugar Co. as  Luna and it is there that he remained until 1924. Jonah gave 32 years of service to Makee Sugar Co. Jonah worked as a laborer from 1925 until 1928 and then there is no record of employment. Jonah Booth Cummings died 19 Aug. 1931 in Kapaa, Kauai, Hawaii.

Two Houses on Boyd Lane

  When I think of my Grandfather, there are two memories that stand out, the left field bleachers at old Honolulu Stadium watching the Hawaii Islanders of the Pacific Coast League, and the beach at Mokuleia. He had two main interests, aside from his family and job, one was fishing (of which he was well known for on Oahu) at Mokuleia, for weeks at a time, the other was baseball. We traveled a lot, our father a member of the U.S. Air Force, yet we always returned home every two to three years. As we waited a week or two in Waikiki for our house to be available and if it was baseball season, he would pick me up almost every night if the Islanders were at home. This was the early sixties and my first introduction to the forty year old stadium affectionately called the “Termite Palace”. Honolulu Stadium had a capacity of only 28,000 yet had a sprawling field. Our Cummings family has a rich history with baseball in the islands, dating back to the 1890's and my grandfather was a part of that history. He knew the game, he knew it very well. 

  I guess there are other places that enjoy a good bag of boiled peanuts while taking in a ball game. However I have never heard of any of them in those terms. But for me and I am sure many others, when I think of the old stadium I think of the aroma of the boiled peanuts that filled the old enclave. I think of that low hiss that fills the air between the cheers and the boo birds, the hushed murmur that lingers in between pitches that can be heard nowhere else but during a ballgame.

  In those days the Islanders posed as the AAA affiliate for the newly formed LA Angels and played in the Pacific Coast League. Teams like the Vancouver Mounties, Spokane Indians, Seattle Rainier’s, Tacoma Giants, Portland Beavers and the Sacramento Solons would venture to Oahu to play six game series. They would play games Tuesday through Sunday and then use Monday to travel back to the mainland. The Islanders served as the main farm club for the Angels spanning the years 1961 to 1987, before being bought and moved to Colorado Springs.

  At Mokuleia lies one of the most beautiful stretches of white sand beaches in the entire archipelago. It is in the area where most the outdoor scenes for the TV series “Lost” are filmed. Every summer usually about two weeks before school was to start, my grandfather was always at Mokuleia laying net, throwing net and living in this large circular Army surplus tent.

  I can remember being out over the reef hanging on to a large black tube that he used to carry his lay nets. My dad and uncles would all be out there bringing in net or lying net. Me and my cousin George Cummings hanging on to that inner tube at what seemed like a long way off shore for a couple of kids. I haven’t been to Mokuleia for over forty years, I’m sure it’s changed. However I was not around to see it, so my memories are still vivid of those days back in the early to mid-sixties when times were much different.

  Most of us, when we were kids, never thought of why things happened, if they were good things then we got caught up in the fun, the enjoyment of it. If they were bad things, we hoped it wouldn’t affect us, or we wouldn’t get caught. Yet mostly we just assumed things away. I always assumed that we went to Mokuleia every year because my grandfather was there. Why was he there? Who cares, because if he wasn’t there, we would not be either! As a kid that’s all caring you need to have in a situation like that.

  About twenty-five years after I last visited Mokuleia, I came to know the reasons for Joe Cummings Mokuleia residence at the end of each summer. Now most of us have heard our parents argue, some more than others. Yet I can’t recall my grandparents ever arguing, at least not in front of me. No, not at all, never thought of it ever while I was a kid. Yet twenty-five years later, upon hearing the reasons for the Mokuleia trip, as a brazened adult, I could think of many reasons why it could happen, it’s life……..simple as that.

  Well the old man and Nanny, we called her that, had not been getting along for a while, and it would fester through the summer till both had had enough and off he went with her blessing. My Nanny was tough; as far back as I can remember she always struck me as having an enduring quality about her. She seemed to be able to ride out the storm.

  Nora Vasques was the first daughter and first born in Hawai’i to immigrant parents Jose and Emelia Vasques. I never knew either of my gr. Grandfathers, as they died before my time. Yet I envy them for living during a time that I would give anything to experience. It’s ironic that although their reasons for being in Hawai’i in the second half of the 19th century differ widely, each ended up working for many years at the same place, the Makee Sugar Co. in Kealia on Kaua’i. Jose was a finish carpenter, while Jonah was a supervisor in the field.

  Their journeys to the east shores of Kaua’i took different paths for different reasons. Jonah’s a short hop from Maui, where he had also been working for Makee at the Ulupalakua plantation. Yet he had bigger reasons for fleeing Maui, one a decayed first marriage that that came unglued when he decided to leave first wife Maraea for a young 18 yr. old girl from Kaua’i Sarah Kuhaulua my gr. Grandmother. Jonah’s decision to immigrate to Kaua’i was more from his womanizing and less of economics.

  Jose Vasquez, on the other hand, had everything to gain and really…..nothing to lose. For those not familiar with Portuguese names, might be surprised to find that Vasques is not one of them. The Vasquez family was one of just a few families to live in the Portuguese section of Kealia camp that weren’t Portuguese. Jose Vasques was a native of Barcelona, Spain, his wife the former Amelia Rodrigues was from Celanova, Orense, Spain. They must have really wanted a life in Hawai’i considering what they had to do to get here. First Jose found a way to get them to the Madeira Islands off the coast of Africa. They were then able to be accepted on a Portuguese immigrant ship the S.S. Victoria bound for Honolulu. Jose, Amelia and sons Manoel  [3] and Felix [1] arrived in Honolulu harbor on 13 Sept. 1899. My Grandmother Nora Vasques was born about 14 mos. later.

  Nora Vasques, in her younger years, I’m told, was a strict disciplinarian. As far back as I can remember I will always associate her with the house on Boyd Lane, one street removed from the south side of Auwai'olimo Park, just below the intersection of Lusitania Blvd. and Papakolea Road. It is where my mother and father and all their siblings grew up. Although I frequented the park over the years, mostly visiting Boyd Lane on one side and Kaloko Lane on the other, where my father grew up. We left the house next door to Nanny on Boyd Lane when I was five years old, so I can’t claim the same experience as my parent’s uncles and aunts. Yet, even though my parents, three sisters, my brother, and I traveled throughout the Pacific Rim, we always returned home every 2 or 3 years, and making our way to Boyd and Kaloko Lanes made us feel like we had returned home.

  Nora “Nanny” Cummings was always there to greet us, along with a host of cousins, the Raines, Kapalolo’s, and the Cummings. Whenever I think back on those gatherings we had after coming in from Japan, or Guam, or the west coast it brings back happy memories of a bygone area.

  So many memories of Nanny and Grampa are entwined with that house on Boyd Lane. It was the center of the family when I was a young child. I always thought it would remain forever.

  After living a good part of my first five years at the house next door to my grandparents on Boyd Lane, when we departed for three years on Guam. The house was then occupied by my Uncle Wallace, Aunty Joey, and their kids Noreen, and Richard. Those two houses, and believe me they were old houses, were occupied by our family for many years. One of the things that sticks out in my mind every time I think about the houses, is the huge, I mean giant Mango tree that rose above the back of my Grandparents house. I imagine those Mangoes were to die for, I don’t know, I don’t remember, but I do remember the size of that tree and the long pole with the cloth net they used to retrieve the fruit.

  That house on Boyd Lane, housed all of my Aunts, my Mother and two Uncles, plus!! Occasional cousins. Three generations past through those doors, it is simply amazing when you think about it. My Cousin Richard Raines took Cheryl and I down Boyd Lane when we visited in ’98, but the houses were long gone, replaced by Condo’s. An end of an era, as they say, yet every one of us that experienced those times, will never forget those two old houses on Boyd Lane.

  Joe and Nora would have their spats throughout their marriage which would last 51 years until Joe Cummings died of a heart attack on the 14th of Aug. 1977. They were living in Costa Mesa, Ca. with us for the previous 7 years. I still remember the day we took the outriggers out to deliver his ashes a mile of the coast of Newport Beach at the bell buoy. It was the middle of August and it was raining, unheard of for that time of the year. Fifteen years later we took Nora Vasques ashes out to that same buoy. Then nine years later we took my dad’s ashes to the buoy. We have made to many trips to that buoy. Yet when I go, my last trip anywhere will be to that buoy, after all I already have family there

Biological Success

   If we were to judge success biologically as is done with all other species on earth we would find Joseph Elijah Cummings at the top of the list. Joseph fathered 20 children by two wives. Phoebe Miner and Lily Kealoha He fathered children till the age of 58. 


The Closest of Siblings

     Of the second generation, there were no closer siblings then Joseph Elijah Cummings and his older brother by one year Jonah.  Up until 1908 we find them working side by side in Kaupo for Brother WH Cummings at his cattle ranch, in Ulupalakua for Jas. Makee’s Rose Plantation, in Hana for WH Cummings Reciprocity Sugar Co. and in Kealia for Makee Sugar Co. In 1907 or 1908 Joseph moves with second wife Lily Kealoha to Oahu where he works with the Oahu Dept. of Roads as a Luna and the Kahuku Sugar Plantation as an Overseer until 1914. We show no employment record after 1914 for Joseph.  We know that Joseph’s youngest child, Joseph K. was born in Laie, Oahu in 1916. We know that Joseph and Lily were living in Laie in 1920, (1920 Federal Census).  So if we assume that Lily, who died in 1928, did so on Oahu then we must conclude that Joseph returned to Kawaihau after her death as he is listed as residing there in the 1930 Census with son Joseph K. So after 50 years of working and living together, Joseph and Jonah were then separated for about twenty years before he returned to Kauai in 1928. Was there friction between them? This is a question that will probably never be answered. However there is one clue to the reasoning behind the move to Oahu. Their primary residence for the first 8 years on Oahu was Laie. Which means there was a good chance Lily was of the Mormon faith. Did Joseph convert? We have no proof one way or the other.  


     It seems a little ironic that the brothers of this generation who did more of the physical work that is required, even by a Luna or Foreman, in the sugar industry, would live lives that extended much longer than their counter parts. Joseph was an industrious no nonsense worker from the start. He first learned this work ethic while toiling at his brother Williams ranch in Kaupo. From the cattle ranch he went directly to work with Williams connections along with Jonah Booth for the Reciprocity Sugar Co. in Hana. When William relinquished his shares in the company Joseph and Jonah went to work for Capt. James Makee, a long time friend of their fathers, at his plantation in Ulupalakua. In 1889 Joseph would migrate along with brother Jonah and brother in law Henry Sheldon to Kawaihau on Kauai.

  

Migration to Kaua'i

      Henry and Hannah Sheldon would be the first to migrate to Kaua'i from Maui. Henry would take a job as Blacksmith for the Makee Plantation. Henry Clay Kalua Sheldon and Hannah Rachael Keahelani Cummings would have six children. Not a high number by Cummings standards. However, out of this clutch of offspring would emerge two fine teachers, an excellent blacksmith to carry on the family tradition, who in turn would marry a school teacher, who possessed one of the finest singing voices to come out of our ohana. Hannah Emma Ho'olai Sheldon carried the Hawaiian name of her Aunt Amy Ho'olai, who would succumb to disease, less than six years after Hannah's birth. Angeline "Daisy" Kahaumealani Sheldon would never know her Aunty Amy. She entered the world almost two years after her death. Henry Thomas Kamanoulu Kamalu Sheldon could be considered the flagship between the Cummings and Sheldon families. Henry carried the names of two prominent ancestors, one from each side of his kapuna. Kahalepua'aoka'okeali'i Kamanoulu was Henry's grandmother on his mothers side. Kamalu was a name handed down for generations on his fathers side. 


Louisa P. Sheldon (Hoa'ai)


      From the newspaper 'The Garden Island' depicting the voice of Louisa Sheldon.


      "Promptly at 8 o'clock Mrs. Keliinoi struck the opening chords of "Kapiolani", (dedicated to the Halau itself), and the show was on. When Mrs. Sheldon, who sang the solo, broke forth in the alluring strains of the first verse, there fell a sudden hush, and when the crash of the chorus came in, the audience were at one with the singers, and the success of the undertaking was assured. In this song as well as in the solo she sang later, Mrs. Sheldon completely captivated her hearers; she also gave a demonstration of the range of her voice, for she reached high b-flat apparently without effort."


Some Interesting Facts

       When Hannah Cummings married Henry Sheldon on January 6, 1880 in Honolulu, it was the first of three times in our family that two Cummings sisters would marry to brothers. John Sheldon had married sister Amy almost a decade earlier. Wilhelmina and Joanne Cummings would marry David and John Kaui around the 1920's and Josephine and Geraldine Cummings would marry half brothers Wallace Raines and Rudy Newtson in the early 1950's.

      The Sheldon's were an exceptionally talented group, yet despair did not evade them as two of their children would die much before their time. George Washington Sheldon died just a couple of months shy of his eighth birthday on Dec. 9, 1891.  Harriet Kuhilani Miller [Sheldon] passed 4 months short of her 20th birthday on July 18, 1906.


Henry Clay Kalua Sheldon

      Henry Clay Kalua Sheldon worked as a blacksmith just about his entire life. He started out at Capt. Jas. Makee's Rose Ranch in Ulupalakua around 1870. Twenty years later he was at the Makee Sugar Co. on the Kealia Plantation working for Z. Spaulding. For a short while during the 1890's he harnessed for the Kilauea Plantation. In 1908 Henry began work for Lihue Plantation, which had taken over operations of the Makee Sugar Co. By 1910 Lihue Plantation had bought the controlling interest in Makee and the Kealia plantation was then apart of Lihue Plantations expansion. Henry worked for L.P. until 1929. Henry Sheldon was also part of our family's rich baseball history between 1890 and 1930. Henry managed and coached many of the Makee baseball club teams in to his late 60's. He managed the Makee team in 1922 that took the inter-island tournament riding the arm of pitcher Jonah Booth Cummings Jr. Henry Sheldon died April 22, 1931 just 39 days short of his 80th birthday. All told Henry Sheldon worked 60 years as a blacksmith during the height of the Sugar era in the 19th century.  Henry was not the shinning opulent star that some of our other ancestors were, yet the contributions that his family made to our history is unmatched.


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